A newborn only sees black, white and gray during the first week of life. Throughout the next 10-12 weeks, newborns slowly adjust to color vision and the full color spectrum is developed by five months old. Around 18 months, children begin to notice similarities and differences between sizes, shapes and colors. They are able to recognize the variety of colors, and are able to accurately name at least one color by three years old. Recognizing and naming colors is an exciting development for children since so many children’s toys are brightly colored.
Children learn colors in three steps: matching and categorizing colors, identifying colors, and finally, naming colors. Below are toys and resources to use during each stage.
Matching and categorizing colors
· Categorize by color and shape with MoTrent Wooden Educational Preschool Shape Coloror Melissa & Doug Stack and Sort Board Wooden Educational Toy.
· Learning Resources Farmer’s Market Color Sorting Sethelps educate children on the colors of fruit and vegetables through sorting into purple, yellow, orange, green, and red baskets.
· Have children identify colors by pointing during a game of “I-spy”. While grocery shopping, ask your child “point to a red apple”. Not only are you working on colors, but food recognition as well!
· Books are a great way to identify colors. Some of our favorites are Brown Bear, Brown Bear by Bill Martin, Jr,Blue Hat, Green Hat by Sandra Boynton, The Mixed-up Chameleon by Eric Carle,and Bright Baby Colors by Roger Priddy
· If your child enjoys arts and crafts, participate in painting and coloring with your child. Ask your child to hand you different colored art materials such as blue paper, a purple crayon or a red sticker.
· Encourage naming colors during coloring activities by having the caregiver hold the crayon box, and requiring your child to request each color. Let your child reach for the requested crayon to ensure they are asking for the desired color.
· The Learning Journey Learn with Me Color Fun Fish Bowltargets recognition and identification of colors. The first setting identifies the color of fish inserted, and the second setting will request a specific color.
· Continue to ask your child about colors during play. Most toys are very colorful, so you can ask, “What color is this?” throughout the game.
LUMIERE THERAPY TEAM🖐️
Hudson, Judith. “When Will My 2-Year-Old Know His Colors?” BabyCenter, 3 Apr. 2018, www.babycenter.com/404_when-will-my-2-year-old-know-his-colors_69360.bc.
“When to Teach Kids Colors?” New Kids Center, www.newkidscenter.com/When-Do-Kids-Learn-Colors.html.
“Your Baby's Eye Development.” Bausch + Lomb, www.bausch.com/vision-and-age/infant-eyes/eye-development.